Yoshiyuki Sankai, PhD, founder and CEO, Cyberdyne, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
Hiroki Kimura, chief clinical officer, Cyberdyne, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
Tetsu Sugie, senior manager for corporate development, Cyberdyne, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
Bob McIver, physical therapist and doctor of physical therapy; director of clinical technology, Brooks Rehabilitation, Jacksonville, FL.
Navid Hannanvash, doctor of physical therapy; CEO and owner, RISE Physical Therapy, Solana Beach, CA.
Cybernics: Fusion of human, machine, and information systems.
Frontiers in Neurorobotics: “Improved Physiological Gait in Acute and Chronic SCI Patients After Training With Wearable Cyborg Hybrid Assistive Limb.”
Frontiers in Neurology: “Voluntary Elbow Extension-Flexion Using Single Joint Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) for Patients of Spastic Cerebral Palsy: Two Cases Report.”
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation: “A follow-up study of the effect of training using the Hybrid Assistive Limb on Gait ability in chronic stroke patients.”
Cureus: “Biofeedback Physical Therapy With the Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) Lumbar Type for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study.”
Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases: “Cybernic treatment with wearable cyborg Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) improves ambulatory function in patients with slowly progressive rare neuromuscular diseases: a multicentre, randomised, controlled crossover trial for efficacy and safety.”
Frontiers in Neuroscience: “Treadmill Training with HAL Exoskeleton – A Novel Approach for Symptomatic Therapy in Patients with Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy – Preliminary Study.”
Frontiers in Neurology, “Biofeedback Core Exercise Using Hybrid Assistive Limb for Physical Frailty Patients With or Without Parkinson’s Disease.”
Circulation Journal: “Effects of Cardiac Rehabilitation With Lumbar-Type Hybrid Assistive Limb on Muscle Strength in Patients With Chronic Heart Failure – A Randomized Controlled Trial.”
Pew Research Center, “AI and Human Enhancement: Americans’ Openness Is Tempered by a Range of Concerns.”